More than Picking at Scabs: Working with Trainee Counsellors

Cecelia Winkelman weaves three strands together as she reflects on her use of a role training approach in the teaching of counselling. The first strand focuses on the author’s methods for assisting counselling trainees to develop empathy, a naïve attitude and the ability to enter into the experience of their clients. In the second strand the use of Moreno’s role training method is described, including adaptations developed by the author to maintain links with the trainee-interviewer and the trainee-interviewee as two protagonists, and the training group as the third protagonist. The third strand addresses defensiveness that emerges in the training group, including the development of safety and connection and the use of the focal conflict model.

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